If the foot is forced to turn to for outward or too far inward, it can cause a sprained ankle. The rolling of the foot that can lead to a sprained ankle often occurs if the person walks on or steps onto an uneven surface. Sprained ankles are not a rare injury.
When ankle is sprained, the ligaments of the ankle are stretched beyond their normal limits. With a severe ankle sprain, a ligament may have been torn.
A “pop” may be heard at the time of the sprained ankle injury. Bruising may develop along the sides of the foot near the ankle. A sprained ankle injury can cause significant swelling and be very painful.
A sprained ankle can be tender to the touch. The person may not be able to freely move the ankle with a normal range of motion. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen is often recommended for the pain and swelling.
The traditional method for treating a sprained ankle is referred to as R.I.C.E. therapy. R.I.C.E. is an acronym that stands for a rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
Resting the ankle gives the ankle a chance to heal. Applying ice packs and elevating the ankle help prevent and reduce the severity of any swelling. Compression by wrapping or taping the sprained ankle rehab programcan also help swelling and provide support for the ankle.
Sprained ankles should be examined by a physician since they can be severe and involve a tear of the ligament. The doctor may order an x-ray to check for any broken bones. Immobilization of the injured ankle with a cast or a brace may be recommended.
R.I.C.E. therapy is often the only treatment that is necessary for a sprained ankle. For severe ankle sprains, the doctor may recommend physical therapy.
A possible complication of the sprained ankle is ongoing instability in the joint. People who have lingering instability are at risk for recurrent ankle sprains. If the ligament was torn, the sprained ankle may need to be surgically treated.
Accelerated high ankle sprain rehab program is a treatment method often used by athletes who sustain an ankle injury. It involves doing ankle-strengthening exercises. Even though some athletes begin doing ankle exercises soon after the injury, doing ankle exercises is rarely recommended before the swelling has gone down and the person can stand comfortably.